Poker is a game of chance in which the outcome depends on the players’ decisions. The players bet into the pot in different amounts, and they must decide whether to call the bet or raise it. The bets are combined into a single pot, which is won by the player holding the best hand.
In some variants of poker, one or more players are required to place a fixed amount of money into the pot before the cards are dealt; these are called forced bets. This initial bet is usually referred to as the “ante.”
The ante may or may not be a fixed amount; it can be a flat fee, an amount of money per round of betting, or a combination of these. Once the ante has been placed, the dealer shuffles the deck, cuts the cards and deals them to the players one at a time, starting with the player to their left.
Each player must then decide whether to call the bet, raise it, or fold (i.e., discard their hand and be out of the betting until the next deal). A “fold” is a player who does not play any further in the round.
A poker player’s decision is based on their knowledge of the other players at the table, a combination of their cards, and their opponents’ reaction to the bet. This is known as the optimal play, and it takes a lot of skill to achieve.