Casino is a gambling establishment offering a variety of games of chance for the public. The modern casino is much like an indoor amusement park, complete with musical shows, lighted fountains and shopping centers, but the billions in profits raked in every year would not exist without slot machines, blackjack, roulette, craps, baccarat and other games of chance.
While the concept of casinos is relatively new, gambling itself has a long history with primitive protodice and carved six-sided dice found in some of the world’s oldest archaeological sites. The modern casino industry grew rapidly after Nevada became the first state to legalize gambling in 1931. As more states joined the gambling ranks, competition for tourist dollars increased and casino companies began to expand outside of Nevada.
As a result, there are now over 1,000 casinos in the United States. Las Vegas has the highest concentration of them, but casinos can also be found in other major cities such as Atlantic City, New Jersey; Chicago, Illinois; and Reno, Nevada. Many of these newer casinos have adopted the name of a famous landmark or region and offer a variety of themed experiences that appeal to people from all over the world.
Due to the large amounts of money handled within a casino, both patrons and staff may be tempted to cheat or steal. As a result, most casinos have extensive security measures in place. These include the use of cameras throughout the facility, although some have more elaborate surveillance systems that allow for a “high-tech eye in the sky” capable of watching every table, change window and doorway in real time. Casinos also enforce security through rules of conduct and behavior. For example, players at card games are expected to keep their cards visible to everyone at all times.